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Waterfowl Hunting

Waterfowl Hunters

Season Dates, Regulations And Hours

Wisconsin's waterfowl hunters are some of the nation's most dedicated and involved conservationists. Their enthusiasm and commitment to waterfowl management and habitat restoration make Wisconsin a great destination for waterfowl hunting.

2023 Season Dates

Early Teal

Sept. 1-9
Early Goose

Sept. 1-15

Rail (Virginia, Sora) Sept. 1 -Nov. 9
Snipe Sept. 1 -Nov. 9
Common Gallinule Sept. 1 -Nov. 9
Mourning Dove Sept. 1 -Nov. 29
Youth Waterfowl Sept. 16-17
Woodcock Sept. 23 -Nov. 6
Northern Duck Zone Sept. 23- Nov. 21
Southern Duck Zone Sept. 30 -Oct. 8, Oct. 14 -Dec. 3
Open Water Duck Zone Oct. 14 -Dec. 12
Coot *Same as a duck for each zone
Northern Goose Zone Sept. 16 -Dec. 16
Southern Goose Zone Sept. 16 -Oct. 8, Oct. 14 -Dec. 3, Dec. 16 -Jan. 2, 2024
Mississippi River Goose Zone Sept. 16 -Oct. 8, Oct. 14 -Dec. 3, Dec. 16 -Jan. 2, 2024

Regulations

A complete list of rules and regulations can be found in the Fall 2023 - Spring 2024 Combined Hunting Regulations [PDF]

Hunters are reminded to review the 2023 waterfowl hunting regulations and are required to carry their small game license and other required stamps or permits with them while hunting. 

Hours

Hunting hours differ depending on the location in the state. Hunters can use the following documents to look up hunting hours in the part of the state they'll be hunting.

    Early Teal Shooting Hours

    Teal hunting hours are sunrise to sunset, unlike for the other migratory game bird species. Please refer to the table below or the table in the hunting regulations for early teal hours.

     

    Northern Area

    Zone A

    Southern Area

    Zone A

    AM

    PM

    AM

    PM

    Sept. 1

    6:11

    7:28

    6:14

    7:27

    Sept. 2

    6:12

    7:26

    6:15

    7:25

    Sept. 3

    6:14

    7:25

    6:17

    7:23

    Sept. 4

    6:15

    7:23

    6:18

    7:21

    Sept. 5

    6:16

    7:21

    6:19

    7:20

    Sept. 6

    6:17

    7:19

    6:20

    7:18

    Sept. 7

    6:18

    7:17

    6:21

    7:16

    Sept. 8

    6:20

    7:15

    6:22

    7:14

    Sept. 9

    6:21

    7:13

    6:23

    7:12

     

    Purchase A Hunting License

    Purchase a Hunting License
           https://gowild.wi.gov/

    Wisconsin has made it easy to buy licenses and registrations. Hunters can purchase a small game license and other requisite stamps or permits through their Go Wild account or at a license sale location.

    Below is a list of the licenses, registrations and stamps that are needed to hunt the given species. Hunters should verify they have all these readily available while out hunting this fall. 

    Migratory Game Birds

    Early Canada Goose Small Game License, State Waterfowl Stamp, Federal Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp, Early Canada Goose Permit and Harvest Information Program (HIP) Registration
    Early Teal Small Game License, State Waterfowl Stamp, Federal Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp and Harvest Information Program (HIP) Registration
    Duck

    Small Game License, State Waterfowl Stamp, Federal Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp and Harvest Information Program (HIP) Registration

    Regular Goose

    Small Game License, State Waterfowl Stamp, Federal Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp, Regular Canada Goose Permit and Harvest Information Program (HIP) Registration

    Woodcock Small game hunting license and Harvest Information Program (HIP) Registration
    Mourning Dove Small game hunting license and Harvest Information Program (HIP) Registration

    Hunting Programs

    Youth Waterfowl Hunt

    Wisconsin hosts a Youth Hunt for hunters 15 years old and younger to kick off the waterfowl season each year. All license and stamp requirements for eligible youth duck hunters are waived on these two days. We expect the duck bag limit to be the same as the regular season. Harvest Information Program (HIP) registration is required of all youth hunters. To harvest a Canada goose, the youth must possess a Canada goose harvest permit for the correct hunting zone. All other hunting regulations apply.

    Where To Hunt

    Looking for a place to waterfowl hunt? Wisconsin offers many areas open to public hunting, including all legally accessible bodies of water. The DNR's public access lands mapping system can help hunters find the perfect spot to hunt this season.  

    Hunting Safety Tips

    Hunters need to follow these safety tips to prevent hunting and boating accidents:

    • Be aware that water temperatures are rapidly cooling at this time of year. A fall overboard can quickly turn dangerous as hypothermia sets in. Wearing a life jacket can keep individuals on the surface and allow energy to be used to keep warm rather than to stay above the water.
    • Remember to protect canine companions on the water – they need life jackets, too.
    • Never overload the boat. If hunting on a large river or lake, use a boat that is big enough to handle rough water.
    • Balance the boat evenly and keep weight low for stability.
    • Be on the lookout for elements outside your control, such as changing weather or a slightly submerged stump, rock, sandbar or floating debris.
    • If in a boat or canoe with a hunting partner, establish and communicate a safe fire zone; do not stand to shoot if a partner is shooting from a seated position.
    • Know the danger of waders in the water. If a boat capsizes and the hunter is ejected, the waders could fill with water, creating suction around the hunter's legs and feet, making it difficult to remove the waders.
    • Always carry a cell phone in case of an emergency.

    Additionally, hunters should follow the four rules of basic firearm safety – TAB-K:

    • A = Always point the muzzle in a safe direction. About one-third of all hunting incidents are self-inflicted injuries. That means the muzzle was pointed at some part of the hunter's body. A safe approach is where the bullet will travel and harm no one in the event of an unwanted discharge. There are no accidental discharges with firearms, only unwanted discharges.
    • B = Be sure of your target and what's beyond it. Positive target identification is a must. To shoot at something you only think is a legal target is gambling. In the case of human injury, that means gambling on human life. You must be specific and correct in judgment before deciding to shoot. Otherwise, it's reckless behavior. In addition to identifying the target, a hunter must know that a safe backstop for their bullet is present in every shooting situation. We don't always hit our target; in some cases, the bullet passes through the target. A safe backstop guarantees that no one will get hurt.
    • K = Keep your finger outside the trigger guard until ready to shoot. If a hunter stumbles with a firearm in one hand and nothing in the other, whatever that person does with their free hand will automatically happen with the hand holding the gun. If a finger is inside the trigger guard, that hand will likely close around the gun's pistol grip and on the trigger, causing an unwanted discharge.
    • T = Treat every firearm as if it is loaded. Never assume a gun is unloaded, and never treat it that way, even if you watch as it is unloaded. Make it a habit to treat guns like they are always loaded.

    Hunter Resources

    Becoming A Better Hunter

    Waterfowl Identification

    Dabbling Duck Wing Identification

    Diving Duck Wing Identification

    Podcasts

    Hunters interested in hearing more about game bird hunting, research and tips should listen to The Hide podcast, co-hosted by Mark Kakatsch (Wisconsin Wildlife Federation) and Taylor Finger (DNR Game Bird Specialist). 

    Also, check out this episode of the DNR's Wild Wisconsin: Off the Record Podcast for a look at the basics of migratory birds in Wisconsin and how to improve your chances this fall.

    Invasive Species Management

    Visit the DNR's invasive species prevention webpage for more information on invasive species. 

    Waterfowl Management

    The DNR regularly invests in managing waterfowl habitat. Learn more about this work on the DNR's Waterfowl Management and Waterfowl Surveys web pages. 

    Register A Harvest

    Waterfowl and other migratory bird hunters must register each year with the federal Harvest Information Program (HIP), placing them on a list of hunters who may receive a mailing requesting a summary of their harvest. HIP registration is free and can be done at the time hunters purchase their licenses. It can be added later if a hunter decides to pursue migratory game birds.

    Hunters who harvest or find banded birds can report their discoveries by following the information listed on the DNR's banded bird recovery webpage.

    HPAI And Waterfowl

    In the spring of 2022, a strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) was detected in numerous domestic and wild birds throughout Wisconsin. It is expected that the virus will continue to circulate in wild bird populations this year.

    Hunters should never harvest wild birds that appear sick. HPAI surveillance efforts will prioritize investigating reports of five or more sick or dead waterfowl and waterbirds. If you observe sick waterfowl, contact the DNR's Wildlife Switchboard by emailing DNRWildlifeSwitchboard@wisconsin.gov or leaving a voicemail for a return phone call at 608-267-0866.

    This strain of HPAI is not believed to pose a food safety risk. However, hunters should still ensure proper game meat handling and cook harvested birds to an internal temperature of 165°F. Additional precautions include wearing gloves while handling wild birds, washing hands and equipment thoroughly with soap and water and preventing hunting dogs from coming into contact with any sick or found dead birds. 

    Further information can be found through the US Fish and Wildlife Service, and hunters with backyard poultry flocks can refer to USDA Hunters Protect your Poultry and Pet Birds from AI.

    Visit the DNR's Wildlife Diseases webpage for more information on avian influenza and other diseases affecting wildlife health.