Birding and bird conservation
Wisconsin is home to over 300 species of birds and has thousands of people who enjoy birds. Explore the links below for information on birds, bird identification, birding locations and how to get involved in bird conservation efforts.
Statewide Birding Report as of October 23, 2020
Autumn’s landbird migration is beginning to wind down. Sparrows, blackbirds, robins and other short-distance migrants, such as ruby-crowned and golden-crowned kinglets, winter wrens, brown creepers and hermit thrushes, now dominate in many areas. In the north, dark eyed-juncos, fox sparrows, and American tree sparrows are especially prevalent. Southern locations, which have been decidedly milder, are hosting many of the same species as well as lingering eastern towhees, eastern bluebirds and a few warblers, particularly yellow-rumped, palm and orange-crowned. Even a few hummingbirds continue to be seen in our far most southeastern counties. Check carefully at this late date for species other than our typical ruby-throated.
Statewide, we are seeing the arrival of arctic migrants like rough-legged hawks, golden eagles, snow buntings, tundra swans, northern shrikes and short-eared owls. Pine siskins aren’t quite as prevalent as they were just a couple weeks ago but plenty are still visiting feeders, weedy fields and tree seeds in many locations. Although common redpolls have not been documented yet they may show up in the north any time now. On the other hand, both crossbills are already moving south in small numbers and could turn up at pine, spruce and other cone crops near you. Purple finches and red-breasted nuthatches continue to show well. All of these lend promise to a potentially good season for winter bird watching.
Waterbird migration has been a mixed bag with some locations, mostly at larger water bodies, reporting good numbers of loons, ducks and grebes, and others hosting relatively few birds so far. Common and a few red-throated loons are on the move, especially along the Great Lakes. Also look there for horned and red-necked grebes, all three scoter species, some long-tailed ducks and flocks of Bonaparte’s gulls. At inland lakes, birders are finding rafts of hundreds of American coots, some pied-billed grebes and a decent number of northern pintail among other dabblers. Notably, a few blue-winged teal are lingering later than usual, and flocks of greater white-fronted geese were found from Dane to Horicon to Fond du Lac this past week. Shorebirds are relatively few now, although dunlin are known for peaking in late October and both Wilson’s snipe and American woodcock, along with others like greater yellowlegs, will linger into November.
Some of this week’s rarest sightings were painted bunting in Waukesha, Sabine’s gull in Ashland, California gull in Jefferson, varied thrush in Ozaukee, Eurasian tree sparrow in Dane and white-winged dove in Sheboygan. Don’t expect too much change in bird life over the week ahead, although landbirds will continue to slowly depart and waterbirds will hopefully pick up soon as cold weather persists from northern Wisconsin into southern Canada. Find out what others are seeing and report your observations to www.ebird.org/wi. Good birding!
– Ryan Brady, DNR Natural Heritage Conservation Program biologist
Explore the information below to learn more about great birding places in Wisconsin.
- Great Wisconsin Birding and Nature Trail offers maps of birding and wildlife watching sites from around the state.
- Wisconsin Society for Ornithology offers field trips and other opportunities to birdwatch and learn more about birds across the state.
- Wisconsin birding hotspots provides a statewide birding summary and links to hotspots around the state.
- Wisconsin eBird displays maps of recent sightings by species and lists of birds seen at hotspots around the state.
- Wisconsin Bird Network is an email forum for bird sightings and news. Facebook also hosts several groups focused on photos and discussion of Wisconsin birds such as Birding Wisconsin and Wild Birds of Wisconsin.
- Natural Resources Foundation organizes experts around the state for birdwatching and other nature-related field trips.
- Important Bird Areas are often great places to birdwatch or enjoy nature.
- Explore outdoors helps you find places to go and things to do on state lands around the state.
- DNR’s snowy owl page offers background on irruptions, latest numbers, maps of sightings, and tips for finding them.
- Bald eagle watching
- Prairie Chicken viewing is organized by DNR conservation partners every spring. This is a great opportunity to view Prairie Chicken "lekking" from blinds on Buena Vista Marsh.
- Sharp-tailed grouse viewing is available at the Namekagon Barrens Wildlife Area (3 blinds available) and at the Douglas County Bird Sanctuary (1 blind available).
Report a bird
Amateur birders have always been leaders in the field of citizen science. The links below provide a number of web-based tools that allow you to report and track your daily bird sightings. These data are used by DNR and conservation partners across the hemisphere to monitor migratory bird populations.
- Wisconsin eBird allows you to report and track your daily sightings from birding excursions and at home. It also allows you to explore real-time bird sightings from other birders across the state.
- Wisconsin Society for Ornithology provides a variety of ways to document rare birds and how to use eBird for seasonal reports.
- Report a banded bird at the USGS bird banding lab website. This website includes both aluminum leg bands and some other colored leg bands and wing markers used by scientists to track individual birds.
- The Great Backyard Bird Count is a global project to record bird abundance and distribution once a year in February. You can contribute to our understanding of Wisconsin birds during that time by watching birds in your backyard or elsewhere and reporting your observations.
- Report a banded racing pigeon through the American Racing Pigeon Union website. Racing pigeon bands will start with the letters "AU."
- Report a rare bird by using a fillable report form. This is to be used for species on Wisconsin's Natural Heritage Working List.
- Report a Whooping Crane at the whooping crane reporting website for the eastern U.S.
- Report a sick or dead bird by using our directory of wildlife rehabilitators or contacting your local DNR office.
Bird ID and info
The links below provide useful tips in identifying birds as well as information on their biology, status and conservation in Wisconsin.
- Cornell Lab of Ornithology: All About Birds website contains great information on most North American species including pictures, video and songs/calls. Also, see the great series of online videos on how to be a better birder.
- Audubon’s online Guide to North American Birds provides excellent accounts of all Wisconsin species, including range maps, illustrations, habitats, photos, sounds, and more.
- The USGS's Dendroica is an interactive website to help students, volunteers and professionals improve their skills at identifying wildlife by sight or by sound, particularly so that they can participate in nature survey and monitoring programs.
- Wisconsin All-bird Conservation Plan contains species accounts, habitat management guidance and other relevant conservation information.
- Wisconsin Breeding Bird Atlas II completed field work in 2019. See what species are nesting, where they are found, and how these compare to the first Atlas conducted two decades ago.
- Wisconsin's rare birds contains information on Wisconsin's endangered and threatened birds as well as species of greatest conservation need.
- Establish native plants for birds to use as feeding, resting and nesting sites. For information on what to plant and Wisconsin native plant nurseries, see DNR's Plant native plants web page.
- Read how Wisconsinites are taking steps to help birds in this special section of the Fall 2020 Wisconsin Natural Resources magazine.
- Ten great native plants, trees and shrubs to plant for birds
- Provide more food for birds and maintain a healthier natural environment by removing plants not native to your area.
- Provide fresh water for birds. A frog pond, water garden, fountain or even a shallow, regularly cleaned dish of water will get lots of bird use, especially if the water is dripping, moving, or otherwise making sound.
- Maintain bird feeders in your yard, placed at least 30 feet from windows and near the natural protection of trees and shrubs; fruit, suet, and meal worms can supplement traditional seed such as black sunflower and niger seed.
- Build a brush pile for shelter from predators and weather.
- Add nest boxes for species like bluebirds or chickadees that nest and roost in cavities.
- Prevent collisions with window glass by using non-reflective window coatings, window screens, awnings, flash tape, paracord or bird netting. Find DIY ideas here.
- Keep cats indoors or confined to an outdoor enclosure to help reduce the hundreds of millions of birds killed by cats in the U.S. each year.
- Limit or avoid pesticide use on your property. Pesticides harm birds directly through exposure/contact and indirectly by reducing the insect populations they need to survive. Birds are natural pesticides.
How to help
See the links below for ways to get involved in birding and bird conservation efforts around the state.
- A Planning Tool for Migratory Bird Conservation along Lake Michigan
- Practice 7 Simple Actions to help birds at home, including making windows safer, keeping cats indoors, avoiding pesticides and planting native vegetation.
- Wisconsin eBird provides an easy way to make your bird observations useful for research, management and conservation.
- Wisconsin Bird Conservation Initiative volunteer bird monitoring opportunities has many citizen science programs that birders can participate in.
- "Who's Who" of bird citizen-based monitoring connects birders to local efforts to collect information on birds and other taxa groups.
- Birder Certification Programhelps individuals develop bird skills and get certified to participate in important monitoring efforts.
- The Bird Protection Fund helps DNR and partners conserve the birds we love. Donate through the website or consider participating in the Great Wisconsin Birdathon.
- Bird City Wisconsin encourages local conservation groups and interested individuals to get involved in bird conservation efforts. Is your city a bird city?
Ten tips for winter bird feeding
Winter is a great time to feed the birds, as higher energy demands and fewer natural foods give us the opportunity to bring some species closer to home.
- The single best seed to provide is black oil sunflower, which has high fat content and attracts the most species.
- Also offer nyjer seed for finches, white millet for sparrows, doves and other ground-feeding species both suet and peanut chunks for woodpeckers, chickadees nuthatches.
- Avoid generic seed mixes as these tend to have more waste and attract less desired bird and mammal species.
- Deter squirrels with cone- or dome-shaped baffles above hanging feeders or below pole-mounted feeders.
- Place feeders closer than 3 feet or farther than 30 feet from your home to avoid the deadliest window collision zone.
- Minimize disease by cleaning your feeders at least once every two weeks using soapy water and a 10% bleach solution.
- Provide cover such as brush piles or dense shrubs for roosting and escape from predators.
- Offer water to attract a wider variety of species, using a heating element when temperatures dip below freezing.
- "Birdscape" your property with native plants such as fruit-bearing shrubs and evergreen trees.
- Contribute to bird science and management by reporting birds you see at your feeder. The Great Backyard Bird Count every February is an easy, fun way to get started: for at least 15 minutes on one or more days you simply tally the numbers and kinds of birds you see. Project Feederwatch spans the entire winter.