Boilers and burning fuels
Boilers and other fuel combustion units have a range of environmental regulations that affect their operations. This section provides information on biofuels as well as other issues.
- Wisconsin Small-Scale Biofuels Producer Program — There are a number of regulations that impact biofuels operations. To learn more about them, you can obtain assistance from a variety of state programs through the Small Scale Biofuels Producer Program.
Air regulations for boilers
Combustion Sources and Air Pollution Construction Permits (AM-427) — A fact sheet describing the air pollution construction permit program and how it affects combustion sources; including calculation examples, definitions and contacts for more assistance.
The EPA published rules aimed at limiting air toxic emissions from boilers.
- General Overview: Final Adjustments to the Air Toxics Standards for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters (AM-505) — This fact sheet provides an overview of the changes made to the standards.
- Area Source Facilities: Final Adjustments to the Air Toxics Standards for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers (AM-504) — This fact sheet specifies the changes made to the standards that apply to area sources.
- EPA's Compliance for Industrial, Commercial and Institutional Area Source Boilers page contains a summary of the federal rule. The Boiler Reg Nav Tool, under the Implementation Tools section of this page, can help you determine the requirements for a specific boiler after answering a series of questions.
- Combustion Portal's Industrial/Commercial/Institutional (ICI) Boilers has a good summary of the federal rule, along with some state-specific information.
- Combustion Portal's Combustion Emission Calculators, also from Combustion Portal, help with calculations of emissions from boilers burning different fuels.
- The EPA requires all Notification of Compliance Status reports to be submitted electronically. The electronic reporting template was completed on Jan. 1, 2014. Therefore, sources are now required to complete this report through the EPA's Central Data Exchange (CDX). For information on how to use this tool, see the section on Submitting the Electronic Notification on EPA's Compliance for ICI Area Source Boilers.
Waste oil management/spill prevention and cleanup
In order to prevent fuel spills or clean up after a fuel spill, there are a number of regulations a business with a boiler should follow.
- The EPA requires that facilities with a certain amount of oil on site prepare a Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan. For more information on those requirements go to EPA's Oil Spills Prevention and Preparedness Regulations.
- In case of a spill, review spills for small businesses.
- If your facility generates used oil as part of boiler maintenance, review the recycling motor oil, oil filters and other automotive products page on motor oil and related products.
Facilities with boilers may need to address non-contact cooling water or condensate/boiler blowdown. The water program has a General Permit to Discharge under the Wisconsin Pollutant Discharge Elimination System for this.