Purple loosestrife biocontrol — and you
Purple loosestrife, an exotic plant from Europe, has overrun many state wetlands.
- Check out the Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) fact sheet
- Learn about Purple loosestrife identification
Wisconsin DNR has been using four of its insect enemies, also from Europe, to control it here since 1994. Careful research has shown that all four control species depend only on loosestrife and do not threaten native plants. This is classic biocontrol, and it is likely the best long-term control for loosestrife, reducing the need for other more costly and disruptive controls, such as herbicides.
Two "Cella" beetle species (Galerucella calmariensis and G. pusilla) feed on its leaves and shoots and are the most effective of the four types of imported insects. Cellas monitored in the state and elsewhere have decreased the vigor, size and seed output of purple loosestrife, allowing native plants to survive and increase naturally by competing better against smaller loosestrife plants.
The length of time required for effective biocontrol in any particular wetland typically ranges from one to several years, depending on such factors as site size and loosestrife density. Though loosestrife elimination is rare, this process offers effective and environmentally sound control of the plant without herbicides.
You can help control purple loosestrife
Cellas need to be released wherever purple loosestrife grows to keep it in check. Since 1997 hundreds of volunteers across the state have shared in the fun of rearing Cellas and releasing them into local, infested wetlands. Raise beetles in your backyard or schoolyard on caged, potted loosestrife plants starting in spring, and take the pots to local infested wetlands for release in summer. The program offers free equipment and starter beetles to all state citizens who want to take part.
- To join the program, download and complete this application to send it to the address below.
- Review the Purple Loosestrife Biocontrol Program Overview and Instructions guide.
- Check out the biocontrol program quick guide filled with pictures and the most important how-to information.
- To report beetle release, download and complete the Purple loosestrife Beetle Release Form.
- Download and complete the Purple loosestrife Beetle Presence and Activity Report Form to assess beetle activity at newly found and previously managed purple loosestrife patches.
- See Cella Chow! [PDF] Lesson plans for grades 6-12 built around the science of biocontrol, specifically purple loosestrife. The lessons include a listing of the related Wisconsin Model Environmental Education and Science Standards.
Purple loosestrife is here to stay in Wisconsin, but you can help protect your wetlands from domination by this exotic invader by simply reuniting it locally with its natural predators! And as biocontrol reduces your loosestrife, you'll experience even more satisfaction by helping to restore any native plants the loosestrife may have eliminated locally, further ensuring diverse, healthy wetlands!
How to volunteer
For more information, or to volunteer, please contact:
- Purple Loosestrife Biocontrol Coordinator
Purple Loosestrife Project
101 S. Webster St., WY/4
PO Box 7921
Madison, WI 53707-7921
Upcoming Training Opportunities - Spring 2021
Understanding and Using the Release and Beetle Assessment Forms. Tentatively scheduled for May 20. Details and registration link coming soon.