Tall manna grass
Semi-aquatic, perennial grass with unbranched stems that get up to 8’ tall. Reddish tint on the lower parts of the stems.
OverviewOther names for this plant include:
- Common names: reed sweetgrass, reed manna grass, English water grass
- Scientific names: G. aquatica; G. spectabilis; Molinia maxima; Panicularia aquatica
- Tall manna grass invades wetlands, including swamps, lakes, ponds, slow-moving rivers, creeks, ditches and wet pastures, where it forms monospecific stands that are capable of crowding out native vegetation.
- It degrades wetland habitats because it is not suitable for nesting and is a poor food source for wildlife.
- Tall manna grass has been sold as an ornamental in a variegated variety.
- Young shoots can cause cyanide poisoning in cattle if used as forage.
Classification in Wisconsin: Prohibited/Restricted (Restricted in Brown, Calumet, Columbia, Dane, Dodge, Door, Fond du Lac, Green, Jefferson, Kenosha, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Milwaukee, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Racine, Rock, Sheboygan, Walworth, Washington, Waukesha and Winnebago counties; Prohibited elsewhere)
Species Assessment Groups (SAG) were assembled to recommend a legal classification for each species considered for NR 40. The recommendation for tall manna grass was based upon this literature review developed by the department.
Leaves: Leaves protrude at an angle from the white base, with broad, flat, rough-edged blades, but strongly “V” shaped at their base. Leaf-sheaths fused inches below juncture with a blade (in wetlands unique to Glyceria grasses).
Flowers: Erect, sturdy panicle with spikelets several-flowered (1-2.5 mm wide). Spikelet ovate, 5 to 10 mm long with lateral compression. Lemmas with conspicuously raised veins, awnless and upper glumes with 1 vein.
Fruits & seeds: Seeds are dark brown (1.5 to 2 mm long)
Stems: Unbranched up to 8 feet tall. Often lays down and appears shorter. 5-10 leaves per stem.
Similar species: Glyceria grandis is shorter (to 5 feet); has smooth leaf edges; a weak, nodding panicle; 4 to 6 mm spikelets, and only 3-6 leaves per stem.
See the reported locations of tall manna grass in Wisconsin.
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Mechanical: If feasible, black plastic can be used to smother the infested area; cutting plants several times throughout the year can also effective at limiting root reserves but may take a long time to kill the grass. Flooding can also be an effective method when the grass is cut.
Chemical: 3% solution of glyphosate in early and late summer. Follow up for several years.
View tall manna grass pictures in our photo gallery!
ResourcesSources for content:
- Invasive Plant Atlas of New England: Reed mannagrass
- Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board: Reed Sweetgrass Fact Sheet.
- Martin, Tunyalee. The Nature Conservancy Global Invasive Species Team. Weed Alert! Reed sweetgrass. Last updated January 2005.