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Swamp Creek Fen

No. 589


Photo by Wisconsin DNR


Swamp Creek Fen features a diverse mosaic of community types including a high-quality boreal-rich fen surrounding a small alkaline bog lake. A rare open peatland community of northern Wisconsin, the boreal-rich fen is low in nutrients but significantly rich in calcium, which has a direct influence on the composition of plants found here. Groundwater seepage is flowing through the wetland and provides a good source of calcium. Characteristic species include buckbean, white beak-rush, beaked bladderwort, woolly-fruited sedge, livid sedge, bog goldenrod, and pitcher plant. The fen is bordered by a narrow band of open black spruce and tamarack northern wet forest with some areas supporting white cedar.

Shrubs are sparse but include bog rosemary, Labrador-tea, bog birch, and mountain holly. The fen provides a habitat for several rare and specialized plant species, including the state-threatened linear-leaved sundew. At least a dozen species of orchid have been documented within this site. Other rare plants are common bog arrowgrass, downy willow-herb, and sparse-flowered sedge. The uncommon spruce grouse is also supported here. Small swamp islands forested with second-growth stands of spruce and fir with scattered pine punctuate the northern portion of the swamp. The fen is embedded within a wetland complex large enough to maintain most, if not all, of the ecological processes and functions necessary for long-term maintenance. Swamp Creek Fen is owned by the DNR and was designated a State Natural Area in 2008.

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the Maps tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

The good majority of SNAs are isolated and have few or no facilities. Some SNAs have vehicle access lanes or parking lots, but their accessibility may vary depending on weather conditions. Parking lots and lanes are not plowed during winter. Hiking trails may be nonexistent or consist of undeveloped footpaths. A GPS unit or compass and a detailed topographic map are useful tools for exploring larger SNAs.

Entrance fees: Except for Parfrey's Glen, the Cambrian Outlook in the Dells of the Wisconsin River, SNAs within State Parks and some within State Forests, all other DNR-owned SNAs do not have any admission fees. For more information, see Wis. Admin. Code NR 45 [exit DNR]. For non-DNR-owned SNAs, we are unaware of any vehicle or admission fees. However, please contact the landowner for more information.

Allowable activities: DNR-owned land

The activities listed below are generally allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted above and posted with signs on the property site.

Prohibited activities: all SNAs

Although a handful of sites allow activities like primitive camping (e.g. Lower Chippewa River on sand bars) or horseback riding (e.g. S. Kettle Moraine), the activities listed below are generally prohibited on DNR-owned SNAs.

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead.
  • Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Drones: Flying-related activities, including the use of drones, hang-gliders and model airplanes, are prohibited. Permission may be issued by the SNA Program for the use of drones for educational or research purposes
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use.

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR].


Langlade County. T34N-R12E, Section 4. 80 acres.

Driving directions

From the intersection of State Highway 55 and County M in Mole Lake, go south on 55 for one mile. Walk west across county forest lands 0.6 miles to the northeast corner of the site.

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities.

Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details. The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries. To create your custom map where you can zoom to a specific location, please use the DNR's Mapping Application.

Property Map [PDF]

Swamp Creek Fen is owned by: Wisconsin DNR