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Oakfield Railroad Prairie

No. 328


Photo by Thomas A. Meyer/DNR


Oakfield Railroad Prairie is a 10-acre remnant of the large, deep-soil mesic and wet-mesic prairies once found in this region and has been described as the best-remaining prairie in Fond du Lac and Dodge counties. The long, linear strip of grassland lies within a former railroad right-of-way. While most mesic prairies have been nearly extirpated from the state due to human settlement and agriculture, railroads helped preserve the prairie through the unintentional fires sparked by the rails and stray cinders from passing locomotives that helped keep the site open and free from woody species encroachment.

The northern segment, about ½ mile south of Willow Lawn Road, is the most striking and diverse. Dominant grasses include big and little blue-stem, Indian grass, prairie drop-seed, cord grass, blue-joint grass, and switchgrass. Common abundant forbs include smooth blue aster, Canada tick-trefoil, purple prairie-clover, stiff goldenrod, prairie blazing-star, and heart-leaved golden alexander. Less common are Canadian milk vetch, glaucous white lettuce, compass plant, bottle gentian, and the hemiparasite, bastard toad-flax. A large population of rare plants is found here. Oakfield Railroad Prairie is owned by the DNR and is under the management of Fond du Lac County. It was designated a State Natural Area in 1998.

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the Maps tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

The good majority of SNAs are isolated and have few or no facilities. Some SNAs have vehicle access lanes or parking lots, but their accessibility may vary depending on weather conditions. Parking lots and lanes are not plowed during winter. Hiking trails may be nonexistent or consist of undeveloped footpaths. A GPS unit or compass and a detailed topographic map are useful tools for exploring larger SNAs.

Entrance fees: Except for Parfrey's Glen, the Cambrian Outlook in the Dells of the Wisconsin River, SNAs within State Parks and some within State Forests, all other DNR-owned SNAs do not have any admission fees. For more information, see Wis. Admin. Code NR 45 [exit DNR]. For non-DNR-owned SNAs, we are unaware of any vehicle or admission fees. However, please contact the landowner for more information.

Allowable activities: DNR-owned land

The activities listed below are generally allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted above and posted with signs on the property site.

Prohibited activities: all SNAs

Although a handful of sites allow activities like primitive camping (e.g. Lower Chippewa River on sand bars) or horseback riding (e.g. S. Kettle Moraine), the activities listed below are generally prohibited on DNR-owned SNAs.

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead.
  • Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Drones: Flying-related activities, including the use of drones, hang-gliders and model airplanes, are prohibited. Permission may be issued by the SNA Program for the use of drones for educational or research purposes
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use.

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR].


Along the Wild Goose State Trail, Fond du Lac County County. T14N-R17E, Sections 6, 7. T15N-R17E, Sections 28, 29, 31, 32. 10 acres.

Driving directions

From the intersection of County Highways D and Y in Oakfield, go east and north on D for 2.5 miles, then east on Lost Arrow Road for 0.2 miles to the Wild Goose State Trail. Park along the road and walk or bike the trail north through the natural area. Access is also available from River Road and Willow Lawn Road.

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities.

Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details. The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries. To create your custom map where you can zoom to a specific location, please use the DNR's Mapping Application.

Property Map [PDF]

Oakfield Railroad Prairie is owned by: Wisconsin DNR