Photo by Joshua Mayer
One of the largest bogs in south-central Wisconsin, Lima Bog is a four-acre hard water bog lake surrounded by more than 100 acres of northern wet forest and containing a flora more typical of northern, not southern bogs. A dense mat of swamp loosestrife, cat-tail, sedges, and rushes encircles the open lake where pond-lily dominates the aquatic macrophyte flora.
The forest contains many tamaracks, which are reproducing well. Poison sumac is prevalent in the understory along with bog birch, red-osier dogwood, winterberry, and willows. Near the lake and within the denser areas of tamarack forest are hummocks carpeted with sphagnum moss and typical bog plants such as pitcher plant, sundew, small cranberry, and several species of orchids. To the east, between the tamarack and the uplands, is a sedge meadow dominated by sedges and blue-joint grass. The bird fauna is typical of southern Wisconsin wetlands but northern species such as black-throated green warblers and white-throated sparrows occasionally spend the summer here. Lima Bog is owned by the DNR and was designated a State Natural Area in 1988.
Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the Maps tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.
The good majority of SNAs are isolated and have few or no facilities. Some SNAs have vehicle access lanes or parking lots, but their accessibility may vary depending on weather conditions. Parking lots and lanes are not plowed during winter. Hiking trails may be nonexistent or consist of undeveloped footpaths. A GPS unit or compass and a detailed topographic map are useful tools for exploring larger SNAs.
Entrance fees: Except for Parfrey's Glen, the Cambrian Outlook in the Dells of the Wisconsin River, SNAs within State Parks and some within State Forests, all other DNR-owned SNAs do not have any admission fees. For more information, see Wis. Admin. Code NR 45. For non-DNR-owned SNAs, we are unaware of any vehicle or admission fees. However, please contact the landowner for more information.
Allowable activities: DNR-owned land
The activities listed below are generally allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted above and posted with signs on the property site.
- Cross country skiing
- Scientific research (permit required)
- Outdoor education
- Wild edibles (What is this?)
- Pets (Rules)
- Wildlife viewing
Prohibited activities: all SNAs
Although a handful of sites allow activities like primitive camping (e.g. Lower Chippewa River on sand bars) or horseback riding (e.g. S. Kettle Moraine), the activities listed below are generally prohibited on DNR-owned SNAs.
- Camping and campfires
- Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead.
- Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
- Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
- Drones: Flying-related activities, including the use of drones, hang-gliders and model airplanes, are prohibited. Permission may be issued by the SNA Program for the use of drones for educational or research purposes
- Horseback riding
- Rock climbing
- Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use.
For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code.
Within Lima Marsh Wildlife Area, Rock County. T4N-R14E, Sections 9, 10, 16. 171 acres.
From the intersection of State Highway 59 and County Highway KK, about 4 miles east of Milton, go north on Hwy KK for 2.5 miles, then east on Bowers Lake Road for 0.8 miles to a parking area north of the road. Walk due north along an access easement 0.3 miles into the site. Or continue north on KK another 0.54 miles to its intersection with E. Godfrey Road. Park along the road and walk due east 0.5 miles on the access easement running along a fencerow into the site.
The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities.
Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details. The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries. To create your custom map where you can zoom to a specific location, please use the DNR's Mapping Application.
Lima Bog is owned by: Wisconsin DNR